Natural Beekeeping in Your Backyard
If you like to benefit your garden and community and offer a treat to your taste buds, consider trying your hand at natural beekeeping in your own backyard. As honeybees gather pollen and nectar to make 50 pounds or more of pure, wild honey per hive, they pollinate crops nearby and up to four miles away. This pollination is essential for good yields for some flowering crops. Best of all, honeybees require only simple management once the hives are up and running. Kim Flottum, editor of Bee Culture Magazine, says that keeping bees takes effort than for your cat, but less than your dog. can you achieve natural beekeeping? For the first time in 20 years, the answer is yes. Until the mid 1980s, some beekeepers avoided using chemicals inside beehives, but then a quarantine violation led to the importation of the varroa mite, a devastating tick like honeybee parasite. At about the same time, much tinier terrors called tracheal mites began ravaging hives throughout the country.
To save their bees from these and other pests, many beekeepers turned to chemical controls, which worked for a while. Then two things happened: many populations of varroa mites became resistant to the two main pesticides used to control them, and entomologists discovered that feeding bees fatty patties made of sugar and shortening suppressed tracheal mites to tolerable levels.
In addition, products that utilize the canada goose coats on sale mite minimizing properties of essential oils (such as thymol based Api Life VAR and spearmint and lemongrass Honey B Healthy) can effectively suppress mites in small apiaries. Dusting with powdered sugar is another technique used to knock down mites. Bees make honey from nectar. First, Canada Goose Online foraging bees collect nectar from flowers and store this sugary fluid in their stomach. They transform the nectar into honey by repeatedly passing it back and forth, which helps evaporate most of the water and adds enzymes. Strong hives make more honey than they need, so good beekeeping involves doing everything you can to keep the colony healthy, and taking out just the right amount of honey without depriving the bees of an ample winter supply.
Honeybees reproduce rapidly as the weather warms in summer, so spring is the best time to set up a new hive. As you wait for winter to end, spend some time with a good book on natural beekeeping (See below). You will be working with highly organized insects, so a working knowledge of bee behavior is helpful and fascinating. You might look for a local beekeeper to canada goose jacket outlet help guide you canada goose outlet store through your first season. Your local extension service may be able to suggest someone (or offer a beekeeping course), or you can find a beekeeping club at Bee Culture.
If you live in the city, also check to make sure local regulations do not prohibit beekeeping. In most areas, Canada Goose Coats https://www.fanclub-fulton-smith.de On Sale beekeeping falls under generalized nuisance laws, and two hives are highly unlikely to become a nuisance. Even so, Dallas area beekeeper John Caldieri suggests that suburban beekeepers do two things: Install a 6 canada goose outlet black friday foot tall panel of privacy fencing near hives to raise the bees flight paths above head level as they come and go, and share jars of honey with your closest neighbors.
On your side of the fence, locate hives where the bees will have an open flight path. Ideally, morning sun should warm the hives, which should be in a place where they will seldom be disturbed by human activities. If there is no pond or stream nearby, you will also need to provide a pool, birdbath or tub of water within 40 feet of the hives.
The basic equipment you need to get started is listed below. In general, you need:
Boxes (the hives).
Frames with wax foundation. The foundation usually has a pattern imprinted on it that matches the pattern of wax cells that bees create as they make the comb that they fill with honey, pollen and their brood, or larvae.
A bee suit, or other protective clothing.
A smoker and a few hand tools.
It best to pass up all inclusive pre built beginner kits that come with a plastic foundation. Bees build better on pure beeswax.
Most beekeepers order pre cut hive and frame components, which are quick and easy to assemble with glue and nails. You can also build your own hive boxes. Vermont beekeeper Mike Palmer buys scrap wood and makes boxes, bottom boards and lids for about a dollar each. Building plans for boxes and frames are available at Bee Source.
White is the traditional official canada goose outlet color to paint the outside of boxes; light colors help keep the hives from overheating in hot summer weather. Use any non lead based paint or a natural sealant, such as Auro.
12,000 Bees, Please
You canada goose outlet jackets can buy worker bees (and an egg laying queen for each hive) by mail. The best time to start beekeeping is after the last hard freeze in the spring, so you want to have them delivered then. As you shop, choose queen bees from regional sources that have been bred for behavior a genetic trait that leads to workers with superior talents for cleaning out larvae with disease or mites. For each hive, you will need 3 pounds of bees with a queen that about 12,000 bees! The post office will never be more eager to see you come in than on the day when your order arrives.
Once you have some experience, you can add new hives by taking in swarms, or groups of worker bees with an older queen that will leave a mature colony to start a new one. Many people don want large swarms of bees to find a new home on their property, so if you interested in picking up these bees, just add your name to the local police and fire department lists of beekeepers willing to collect swarms, and before long the phone will ring for bee lady or bee guy. Because swarms have an old queen, most beekeepers replace canada goose uk black friday her with a stronger queen soon after the colony is settled in its new hive.
How Not to Get canada goose outlet canada Stung
You will need to look inside the hive from time to time to see what going on, sometimes to feed your bees sugar water to supplement lean nectar supplies, and certainly to harvest some honey in late summer. Hiving and feeding your bees can feel complicated and scary at first, so suit up completely in a zipper sealed bee suit until you feel comfortable and confident (many experienced beekeepers suit up, too). When canada goose working with the hives, take your time and practice slow, fluid movements, which are least likely to upset the bees. You will calm the bees by first using a smoker to puff pine needle or canada goose outlet leaf smoke in canada goose outlet sale and around the hives (it masks the bees alarm pheromone), but even calm bees will canada goose factory sale crawl around on their keeper. Fortunately, calm bees seldom sting.
The Sweetest Harvest
You can harvest your honey with the beeswax comb intact (comb honey), or you can use a hot knife to cut the caps from the comb and remove the honey. Extracting the honey and returning the empty comb to the hive is easiest on the bees (they ingest 6 pounds of honey to make 1 pound of wax). Electric extractors quickly spin the honey from combs using centrifugal force, but they are expensive. Bee clubs often share an electric extractor, and sometimes organize honey harvesting parties.
As frames are replaced, you will harvest more bounty from your bees in the form of beeswax canada goose outlet for candles, soaps and lotion. Should you decide to sell some of your honey, you will find that prices are significantly higher for local, raw honey. Some people buy it for health reasons, including to relieve allergies, although proof that it works depends on anecdotal evidence.
Keeping canada goose outlet new york city Your Beehives Healthy
It is always wise to set hives up off the ground on bricks or concrete blocks especially in areas where fire ants or hive beetles may stage an invasion. In addition, many beekeepers like to have a canada goose outlet toronto factory screened bottom board and an access slot in the back of the hive bottom box big enough to slip in a thick piece of cheap Canada Goose cardboard. If the bees have varroa mites, you can catch about 15 percent of them by using pieces of paper coated with cooking oil or petroleum jelly (the mites that fall off the bees bodies get stuck and can crawl back up). The slot also comes in handy should you opt to hives with essential oils or other buy canada goose jacket natural pest control products.
But the most important component of a healthy beehive is you. It will take little effort on your part to bond with your bees, which begins the day you slip your new caged queen into the hive, dump in her ready workforce of bees, and hope they like her well enough to chew through the sugar plug on her little cage to set her free. cheap canada goose Or, you may begin with a smaller or nuclear colony, which consists of a laying queen and the first of her brood. After one week, check new hives to make sure the queen is laying, and then let the bees work in peace. As long as you see bees coming and going from the hive with bulging pouches of pollen on their legs, assume that all is well. The first young bees will begin hatching within a month.
In a hive first year, it is best to leave most of the honey for the bees, and harvest only a few frames in late summer. Then, after life in the hive canada goose outlet uk sale settles down again, you can let the original queen stay on, or you can replace her. Many beekeepers replace their queens every August, because young queens lay more eggs than older ones. If you simply let nature take its course, the workers will raise a new queen when the old one begins to fail, by feeding a special food royal jelly to selected larvae.